The Power of Hurricanes Walls torn from concrete buildings,
15-foot trees ripped from the earth, 20-foot
waves crashing to shore. The power of
hurricanes is awesome.
Hurricanes can spawn tornadoes. Floods
and flash floods are generated by torrential
rains that accompany hurricanes.
Even more dangerous is the storm surge
-- a dome of ocean water that, at its peak,
can be 20 feet high and 50-100 miles
wide. The surge can devastate coastal
communities as it sweeps ashore.
Disaster can strike quickly and without warning. It can force you to
evacuate your neighborhood or confine you to your home. What would
you do if basic services--water, gas, electricity or telephones--were cut
off? Local officials and relief workers will be on the scene after a
disaster, but they cannot reach everyone right away.
Families can--and do--cope with disaster by preparing in advance and
working together as a team. Follow the steps listed in this brochure to
create your family's disaster plan. Knowing what to do is your best
protection and your responsibility.
4 Steps to Safety
1. Find Out What Could Happen to You
Contact your local Red Cross chapter or emergency management
office--be prepared to take notes.
Ask what types of disasters are most likely to happen. Request
information on how to prepare for each.
Learn about your community's warning signals: what they sound
like and what you should do when you hear them.
Ask about animal care after a disaster. Animals are not allowed
inside emergency shelters because of health regulations.
Find out how to help elderly or disabled persons, if needed.
Find out about the disaster plans at your workplace, your
children's school or day care center, and other places where your
family spends time.
2. Create a Disaster Plan
Meet with your family and discuss why you need to prepare for
disaster. Explain the dangers of fire, severe weather, and
earthquakes to children. Plan to share responsibilities and work
together as a team.
Discuss the types of disasters that are most likely to happen.
Explain what to do in each case.
Pick two places to meet:
1.Right outside your home in case of a sudden emergency,
like a fire.
2.Outside your neighborhood in case you can't return home.
Everyone must know the address and phone number.
Ask an out-of-state friend to be your "family contact." After a
disaster, it's often easier to call long distance. Other family
members should call this person and tell them where they are.
Everyone must know your contact's phone number.
Discuss what to do in an evacuation. Plan how to take care of
3. Complete This Checklist
Post emergency telephone numbers by phones (fire, police,
Teach children how and when to call 9-1-1 or your local
Emergency Medical Services number for emergency help.
Show each family member how and when to turn off the water,
gas, and electricity at the main switches.
Check if you have adequate insurance coverage.
Get training from the fire department for each family member on
how to use the fire extinguisher (ABC type), and show them
where it's kept.
Install smoke detectors on each level of your home, especially
Conduct a home hazard hunt.
Stock emergency supplies and assemble a Disaster Supplies Kit.
Take a Red Cross first aid and CPR class.
Determine the best escape routes from your home. Find two
ways out of each room.
Find the safe places in your home for each type of disaster.
4. Practice and Maintain Your Plan
Quiz your kids every six months so.
Conduct fire and emergency evacuation.
Replace stored water every six months and stored food every six
Test and recharge your fire extinguisher(s) according to
Test your smoke detectors monthly and charge the batteries at
least once a year.
Neighbors Helping Neighbors
Working with neighbors can save lives and property. Meet with your
neighbors to plan how the neighborhood could work together after a
disaster until help arrives. If you're a member of a neighborhood
organization, such as a home association or crime watch group,
introduce disaster preparedness as a new activity. Know your neighbors'
special skills (e.g., medical, technical) and consider how you could help
neighbors who have special needs, such as disabled and elderly persons.
Make plans for child care in case parents can't get home.
Home Hazard Hunt
During a disaster, ordinary objects in your home can cause injury or
damage. Anything that can move, fall, break, or cause a fire is a home
hazard. For example, a hot water heater or a bookshelf can fall. Inspect
your home at least once a year and fix potential hazards.
Contact your local fire department to learn about home fire
Evacuate immediately if told to do so:
Listen to your battery-powered radio and follow the instructions
of local emergency officials.
Wear protective clothing and sturdy shoes.
Take your Disaster Supplies Kit.
Lock your home.
Use travel routes specified by local authorities--don't use
shortcuts because certain areas may be impassable or dangerous.
If you're sure you have time:
Shut off water, gas, and electricity before leaving, if instructed to
Make arrangements for your pets.
Keep enough supplies in your home to meet your needs for at
least three days. Assemble a Disaster Supplies Kit with items you
may need in an evacuation. Store these supplies in sturdy,
easy-to-carry containers such as back-packs, duffle bags, or
covered trash containers.
A three-day supply of water (one gallon per person per
day) and food that won't spoil.
One change of clothing and footwear per person, and one
blanket or sleeping bag per person.
A first aid kit that includes your family's prescription
Emergency tools including a battery-powered radio,
flashlight, and plenty of extra batteries.
An extra set of car keys and a credit card, cash or
Special items for infant, elderly, or disabled family
An extra pair of glasses.
Keep important family documents in a waterproof
container. Keep a smaller kit in the trunk of your car.
Locate the main electric fuse box, water service main, and natural
gas main. Learn how and when to turn these utilities off. Teach all
responsible family members. Keep necessary tools near gas and
water shut-off valves.
Remember, turn off the utilities only if you suspect the lines are
damaged or if you are instructed to do so. If you turn the gas off,
you will need a professional to turn it back on.
If Disaster Strikes
Remain calm and patient. Put your plan into action.
Check for Injuries
Give first aid and get help for seriously injured people.
Listen to Your Battery-Powered Radio for News and Instructions
Evacuate, if advised to do so. Wear protective clothing and
Check for Damage in Your Home...
Use flashlights. Do not light matches or turn on electrical switches,
if you suspect damage.
Sniff for gas leaks, starting at the water heater. If you smell gas or
suspect a leak, turn off the main gas valve, open windows, and
get everyone outside quickly.
Shut off any other damaged utilities. (You will need a professional
to turn gas back on.)
Clean up spilled medicines, bleaches, gasoline, and other
flammable liquids immediately.
Confine or secure your pets.
Call your family contact--do not use the telephone again unless it
is a life-threatening emergency.
Check on your neighbors, especially elderly or disabled persons.
Make sure you have an adequate water supply in case service is
Stay away from downed power lines.