Diabetic coma is a reversible form of coma found in people with diabetes mellitus. It is a medical emergency. In most medical contexts, the term diabetic coma refers to the diagnostically dilemma posed when a physician is confronted with an unconscious patient about whom nothing is known except that he has diabetes.
A diabetic coma is a condition in which a person with diabetes lapses into a coma due to complications relating to diabetes. In most cases, low blood sugar is the primary reason why an otherwise health patient might lapse into a coma as a result of diabetes. However, other conditions, such as ketoacidosis (kEt-O-as-i-'dO-sis) or nonketotic hyperosmolar (non-kE-'tíƒ ¤t-ik hahy-per os-moh-ler) coma occur. One should always use diabetic strips for knowing blood sugar levels.
Because diabetics are frequently at risk for lapsing into an unconscious state, such as a coma, it is important for diabetics to tell their loved ones about their condition. Many diabetics will also have an emergency blood glucose test kit on hand so that they can be quickly revived in the event that they lapse into a coma due to low blood sugar levels.
Here are some common causes of diabetic coma:
Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar levels, especially effects Type 1 diabetics that take accu chek softclix lancets in order to control their blood sugar levels. In most cases, one can avoid falling into a low blood sugar coma by simply drinking juice or taking diabetic diet and meal plans with carbohydrates at the first sign of low blood sugar levels.
In most cases, diabetics will have low blood sugar levels during sleep, after heavy drinking, after taking medications, diabetes supplements or during intense periods of exercise. In order to revive an unconscious hypoglycemic patient, simply inject blood glucose monitors the individual with glucose in order to elevate the blood sugar back to a normal level.
Ketoacidosis (kEt-O-as-i-'dO-sis) Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) occurs as a result any combination of high blood sugar levels, dehydration, shock and exhaustion. Coma generally occurs after a diabetic is already showing signs of illness, such as vomiting and hyperventilation.
When a patient has early or middle stages of ketoacidosis, he or she will be flushed and have deep, rapid breaths. Once the person lapses into a coma, the breathing will become shallow, the heart rate will increase and the body will become dehydrated. Treatment for ketoacidosis generally involves an intravenous saline drip that includes potassium and other electrolytes that the body needs in order to restore balance. Always maintain blood pressure level to normal limit it is recommended that always prefer to check blood pressure level through digital blood pressure monitor before going to sleep.
Nonketotic Hyperosmolar coma (non-kE-'tíƒ ¤t-ik hahy-per os-moh-ler)Nonketotic hypersmolar coma is similar to ketoacidosis coma, but is usually accompanied by lethargy rather than signs of a serious illness (such as vomiting). Generally, the condition involves hyperglycemia (high blood sugar levels) combined with dehydration. Diabetic should use diabetic glucose meter for testing blood sugar levels. The condition most often occurs in patients that have Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetics often already have signs of dehydration and lethargy, which may make nonketotic hyperosmolar coma difficult to detect before the onset.
Treatment for Nonketotic hyper molar (non-kE-'tíƒ ¤t-ik hahy-per os-moh-ler) coma involves a gradual rehydration of the body combined with insulin medications. Use blood sugar meters and test for Low Blood Sugar and avoid Diabetic Coma
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