Albany, NY - June 1, 2016 - New Yorkers should not interact with newborn fawns and other young wildlife as we enter the peak season for animals giving birth, the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) today cautioned.
It is not unusual to see a young bird crouched in the yard or a young rabbit in the flower garden, both apparently abandoned. Finding a fawn deer lying by itself is also fairly common. Many people assume that young wildlife found alone are helpless and need assistance for their survival, however, in nearly all cases this is a mistake and typically human interaction does more damage than good. Those that see a fawn or other newborn wildlife should enjoy their encounter but keep it brief, maintain some distance and do not attempt to touch the animal.
"New York is home to a diverse and wonderful array of wildlife, but as much as the urge compels us to want to touch and play with these young animals, we need to be aware that our interactions could actually kill," DEC Acting Commissioner Basil Seggos said. "It's our hope that people enjoy young animals in the wild from a distance."
Young wildlife quickly venture into the world on shaky legs or fragile wings. While most are learning survival from one or both parents, some normally receive little or no care. Often, wild animal parents stay away from their young when people are near. For all of these young animals, the perils of survival are a natural part of life in the wild.
White-tailed deer fawns present a good example of how human interaction with young wildlife can be problematic. Most fawns are born during late May and the first half of June. While fawns are able to walk shortly after birth, they spend most of their first several days lying still. During this period a fawn is also usually left alone by the adult female (doe) except when nursing. People occasionally find a lone fawn and mistakenly assume it has been orphaned or abandoned, which is very rare. Fawns should never be picked up. If human presence is detected by the doe, the doe may delay its next visit to nurse.
A fawn's best chance to survive is by being raised by the adult doe. Fawns nurse three to four times a day, usually for less than 30 minutes at a time, but otherwise the doe keeps her distance. This helps reduce the chance that she will attract a predator to the fawn. The fawn's protective coloration and ability to remain motionless all help it avoid detection by predators and people.
By the end of its second week, a fawn begins to move about more and spends more time with the doe. It also begins to eat grass and leaves. At about 10 weeks of age, fawns are no longer dependent on milk, although they continue to nurse occasionally into the fall. During August, all deer begin to grow their winter coat and fawns lose their spots during this process.
Should you find a fawn or other young wildlife, please consider the saying, "If You Care, Leave It There."
Do not consider young wildlife as possible pets. Not only is it illegal, it's detrimental to the animal. Wild animals are not well suited for life in captivity and they may carry diseases that can be transferred to humans. Resist the temptation to take them out of the wild. For more information and answers to frequently asked questions about young wildlife, visit the DEC website.