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TROPICAL STORM ISAIAS MOVING NORTHWARD ALONG THE EASTERN SEABOARD This product covers Southeast New York, Northeast New Jersey, and Southern Connecticut **TROPICAL STORM ISAIAS MOVING NORTHWARD ALONG THE EASTERN SEABOARD** NEW INFORMATION --------------- * CHANGES TO WATCHES AND WARNINGS: - The Tropical Storm Watch has been upgraded to a Tropical Storm Warning for Northern Fairfield, Northern Middlesex, Northern New Haven, Northern New London, Northern Westchester, Orange, Putnam, Rockland, and Western Passaic * CURRENT WATCHES AND WARNINGS: - A Tropical Storm Warning is in effect for Bronx, Eastern Bergen, Eastern Essex, Eastern Passaic, Eastern Union, Hudson, Kings (Brooklyn), New York (Manhattan), Northeastern Suffolk, Northern Fairfield, Northern Middlesex, Northern Nassau, Northern New Haven, Northern New London, Northern Queens, Northern Westchester, Northwestern Suffolk, Orange, Putnam, Richmond (Staten Island), Rockland, Southeastern Suffolk, Southern Fairfield, Southern Middlesex, Southern Nassau, Southern New Haven, Southern New London, Southern Queens, Southern Westchester, Southwestern Suffolk, Western Bergen, Western Essex, Western Passaic, and Western Union * STORM INFORMATION: - About 770 miles south-southwest of New York City NY or about 850 miles southwest of Montauk Point NY - 30.7N 80.1W - Storm Intensity 70 mph - Movement North or 360 degrees at 13 mph SITUATION OVERVIEW ------------------ Tropical Storm Isaias, located off the north Florida coast, will continue to move to the north this morning, turning north-northeast this afternoon along the southeast coast. Isaias will continue moving northeast tonight over Eastern North Carolina. Isaias will slowly weaken as it accelerates northeast on Tuesday, likely moving over our area Tuesday afternoon and evening. There is still some timing and intensity uncertainty with this storm. However, confidence continues to increase with respect to the magnitude of local hazards and impacts. The main threats with this system involve heavy rainfall, strong winds, minor to moderate coastal flooding, along with high surf and dangerous rip currents. Locally heavy rain is expected with a widespread 2 to 4 inches, with localized amounts up to 6 inches possible. The heaviest rain is most likely to occur across New York City, Northeast New Jersey and the Lower Hudson Valley early Tuesday morning through Tuesday evening, and eastern sections Tuesday afternoon into Tuesday night. The strongest winds are likely to occur across Long Island, southern Westchester and southern Connecticut, and the New York City and New Jersey Metro areas. Dangerous marine conditions are likely across all of the coastal waters Tuesday and Tuesday night. High surf and dangerous rip currents are expected along the ocean beaches Monday through Wednesday. The effects from Tropical Storm Isaias are expected to diminish quickly from southwest to northeast across the area Tuesday night. POTENTIAL IMPACTS ----------------- * FLOODING RAIN: Prepare for life-threatening rainfall flooding having possible extensive impacts across northeast New Jersey, New York City, and the Lower Hudson Valley. Potential impacts include: - Major rainfall flooding may prompt many evacuations and rescues. - Rivers and streams may rapidly overflow their banks in multiple places. Small streams, creeks, canals, and ditches may become dangerous rivers. Flood control systems and barriers may become stressed. - In hilly terrain, destructive runoff may run quickly down valleys, and increase susceptibility to rockslides and mudslides. - Flood waters can enter many structures within multiple communities, some structures becoming uninhabitable or washed away. Many places where flood waters may cover escape routes. Streets and parking lots become rivers of moving water with underpasses submerged. Driving conditions become dangerous. Many road and bridge closures with some weakened or washed out. * WIND: Prepare for dangerous wind having possible significant impacts across Southeast New York, Northeast New Jersey, and Southern Connecticut. Potential impacts include: - Some damage to roofing and siding materials, along with damage to porches, awnings, carports, and sheds. A few buildings experiencing window, door, and garage door failures. Mobile homes damaged, especially if unanchored. Unsecured lightweight objects become dangerous projectiles. - Several large trees snapped or uprooted, but with greater numbers in places where trees are shallow rooted. Several fences and roadway signs blown over. - Some roads impassable from large debris, and more within urban or heavily wooded places. A few bridges, causeways, and access routes impassable. - Scattered power and communications outages, but more prevalent in areas with above ground lines. * SURGE: Prepare for locally hazardous surge having possible limited impacts across shoreline communities. Potential impacts in this area include: - Localized inundation with storm surge flooding mainly along immediate shorelines and in low lying spots, or in areas farther inland near where higher surge waters move ashore. - Sections of near shore roads and parking lots become overspread with surge water. Driving conditions dangerous in places where surge water covers the road. - Moderate beach erosion. Heavy surf also breaching dunes, mainly in usually vulnerable locations. Strong and frequent rip currents. - Minor to locally moderate damage to marinas, docks, boardwalks, and piers. A few small craft broken away from moorings. * TORNADOES: Prepare for a tornado event having possible limited impacts across Southeast New York, Northeast New Jersey, and Southern Connecticut. Potential impacts include: - The occurrence of isolated tornadoes can hinder the execution of emergency plans during tropical events. - A few places may experience tornado damage, along with power and communications disruptions. - Locations could realize roofs peeled off buildings, chimneys toppled, mobile homes pushed off foundations or overturned, large tree tops and branches snapped off, shallow rooted trees knocked over, moving vehicles blown off roads, and small boats pulled from moorings.

Schumer: 2M People Will Get Skin Cancer This Year, But FDA Still Hasn’t Approved Vastly Superior, Life-Saving Sunscreen

FDA Yet to Complete Review Of Sunscreens – Available In Almost Every Other Country In The World – That Protect Against Broader Range Of Sun’s Rays, Better Protecting Against Skin Cancer.

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Washington DC - June 5th, 2013 - Today, with an expected 2 million Americans to be diagnosed with skin cancer this year alone, U.S. Senator Charles E. Schumer called on the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to expedite their testing of ultra-effective sunscreen that better protects from sunburn and skin cancer.  On average, there are 1,760 cases of melanoma in Upstate New York each year, and these numbers are only a fraction of all skin cancer cases, which also commonly include basal cell carcinoma and squamous carcinoma. Melanoma diagnoses have risen about 2% per year since 2000, even as sunscreen sales skyrocket.

Meanwhile, the FDA has been reviewing critical new sunscreen ingredients for over a decade, and the superior sunscreens are available in almost every other country in the world. Schumer wrote to the Commissioner of the FDA to push them for a final decision before the summer.  He also pushed the FDA to further study the protective qualities of aerosol-based sunscreens, which have been increasing in popularity but may not provide as much protection as traditional sunscreen. Researchers have suggested that some sunscreens with higher SPFs don’t necessarily protect from harmful UVA and UVB rays more than lower SPFs in the way their labeling suggests. The FDA has agreed to study and test sunscreens with SPFs over 50, as well as aerosols, but has delayed action. Schumer today is seeking answers for the delay, which leaves Upstate New York beachgoers, anglers, boaters and others vulnerable.

“With summer just around the corner, the FDA needs to make sure the best possible sunscreen products are available,” said Schumer. “They’ve been studying many of these chemicals for over a decade, and it’s high time that the FDA finally make a decision so that Americans can use these lifesaving products, or are given a good reason why they can’t.”

Schumer continued: “We can’t leave consumers in the dark when it comes to aerosols or artificially-enhanced high SPF content sunscreens, because the bottom line is—if certain high SPF sunscreens and sprays don’t protect you more from harmful UV rays, consumers need to know that. Hikers, fishers, boaters, swimmers and vacationers deserve the peace of mind to know that the sunscreens on the shelves offer the strongest possible protections.”

Schumer noted that from 1970 to 2009, the incidence of melanoma increased by 800 percent among young women and 400 percent among young men. Of the seven most common cancers in the US, melanoma is the only one whose incidence is increasing. Between 2000 and 2009, incidence climbed 1.9 percent annually. Melanoma is the most common form of cancer for young adults 25-29 years old and the second most common form of cancer for young people 15-29 years old.

Schumer asked the FDA to expedite their review and approval of new ingredients in sunscreen that could potentially increase their protective capability. These ingredients improve the efficacy of sunscreen by blocking a broader range of the sun’s rays. The products sold in the U.S. are particularly hampered by the lack of so called “long range UVA filters” which block a broader range of the UVA rays that cause cancer, and for a longer time.

In the U.S., the main products used to block UVA rays are called benzophenones, and they work by absorbing the sun's rays.  But these chemicals can cause problems such as allergic reactions and studies have found that it is absorbed and detected in the blood stream possibly affecting some hormone levels. It also only absorbs only a shorter form of UVA rays. They also breakdown quickly and reduce the efficacy of some of the chemicals that block UVB rays.  Both types of rays – UVA and UVB – are known to cause skin cancer.

Schumer said the FDA plays an integral role in determining the safety of the chemicals sold in products in the United States and should continue its strong oversight.  However, products containing these chemicals have been sold overseas for more than two decades.  Specifically, applications for eight different ingredients have been filed through what is known as the “time and extent application” (TEA).  This process allows products that have been sold overseas for at least five years and have been shown to be safe, to be sold in the U.S.  These applications have been pending with the FDA for years, some for over a decade.

Schumer also expressed some concerns about the transparency of the labels on the sunscreens.  He noted that consumers want the peace of mind to know that the sunscreens available for purchase meet all the FDA’s enforceable standards and offer the strongest possible protection.

The FDA first looked into the deceptive practices of sunscreen products over thirty years ago, but since that time, the rate of melanoma has doubled in the United States. According to the American Cancer Society, over two million individuals will be informed that they have a form of skin cancer in this year alone. Schumer has been pushing the FDA to tighten its standards on labeling for years, helping to get new standards in place in 2011. Now, Schumer is joining his colleagues to urge the FDA to turn its focus to high SPF content sunscreens and aerosols, which may be inaccurately representing their protective qualities.

Aerosol-based sunscreen sprays have increased in popularity, but it remains untested if they protect from harmful rays as much as tradition sunscreens. Furthermore, researchers have found in some cases that a sunscreen with an SPF of 30 protected users from 97 percent of UVA/UVB rays and a sunscreen with an SPF of 100 protected users from 99 percent of rays. The different in protection was not indicative of the difference in SPF content, or more significantly, the difference in price. Schumer noted that improving consumer information should always be the focus, and in the case of sunscreen, standard SPF counts are not the final word.

Schumer also asked the FDA to expedite their review and approval of new ingredients in sunscreen that could potentially increase their protective capability. Schumer noted that consumers want the peace of mind to know that the sunscreens available for purchase meet all the FDA’s enforceable standards and offer the strongest possible protection.

Schumer broke down the number of average annual cases of diagnosed melanoma (from 2005-2009) in each region, according to the 2012 New York State Department of Health and the New York State Cancer Registry:

  •  In the Capital Region, there were 240.2 average annual cases of melanoma
  • In Central New York, there were 195.2 average annual cases of melanoma
  • In the Rochester Finger Lakes Region, there were 240 average annual cases of melanoma
  • In the Hudson Valley, there were 461.4 average annual cases of melanoma
  • In Western New York, there were 316.8 average annual cases of melanoma
  • In the Southern Tier, there were 191.8 average annual cases of melanoma
  • In the North Country, there were 114.6 average annual cases of melanoma